The hospital anxiety and depression scale.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Acta Psychiatr Scand, Volume 67, Issue 6, p.361-70 (1983)

Keywords:

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Anxiety Disorders, Depressive Disorder, Female, Humans, Interview, Psychological, Male, Middle Aged, Outpatient Clinics, Hospital, Outpatients, Patients, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Psychometrics

Abstract:

A self-assessment scale has been developed and found to be a reliable instrument for detecting states of depression and anxiety in the setting of an hospital medical outpatient clinic. The anxiety and depressive subscales are also valid measures of severity of the emotional disorder. It is suggested that the introduction of the scales into general hospital practice would facilitate the large task of detection and management of emotional disorder in patients under investigation and treatment in medical and surgical departments.

National Library of Medicine (brackets, no "et al."): Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1983;67(6):361-70.
National Library of Medicine (grant proposals with PMCID/PMID): Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1983;67(6):361-70.
National Library of Medicine (NLM) - Grant with PMID: Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1983;67(6):361-70.
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